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电子清管器及探测定位成套仪器
发表于:2019-04-11 15:09:02 阅读:177

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产品名称:电子清管器及探测定位成套仪器

一、主要用途

  清管器及电子探测定位成套仪器不仅可对地下管道清管扫线,排除故障,而且解决了地下管道中的信息与地面间的有效联系,从而使清管器的作用远远超出了“清扫”这一狭窄的范畴。概括起来下列几点:

1、保持管道的有效输量和输送性能;

2、减少管壁腐蚀;

3、检查新管线的圆度,检查施工质量。打除焊瘤,以保证投产后的管线能畅通无阻地通过各种清管器;

4、管道投产前清除管内各种赃物;

5、管道水压试验前除气和水压试验后除水;

6、隔离不同种类的油品及多相(液体和气体混合)管道隔离;

7、各种特殊用途,如流量计定位,新管道内壁涂层等。由于电子清管器通过性能好,清管效率高,维护使用方便,加上探测定位成套仪器的灵敏可靠,定位精确,成套性能强,应用广泛,成为管道施工建设、维护保养及生产工艺管理中不可缺少的仪器设备。

  对几公里甚至上百公里管道进行清管扫线或作其他测量时,为避免全线人工跟踪及缩短对清管器卡死部位的搜索距离,可在沿管线适当距离点放置通过指示仪。这样即可讲清管卡死部位的搜索范围控制在两个指示仪之间的狭小地段。

 

 

二、基本参数、品种规格尺寸系列

  本成套仪器的一般探测深度为8米,定位精度为±7厘米。具体规格尺寸可按管道工程实际需设计。一般可在直径50毫米至1200毫米管径范围内选择使用。现有清管尺寸系列见下表:

八皮碗直板型刷式清管器

8DP-XXB

用途:

  用于新建管道清理,其它可以将管道中的碎屑清出,同时可以将管道内的浮锈除去。对于在役管道可以有效清除管道内结垢和结蜡。适用于较长距离管道清理。

 

20111228153411_30561.jpg 

20111228154017_22737.jpg

 

八皮碗直板型测径清管器

8DP-XXB

用途:

  用于对新建管道变形一般性测量,也可以将管道内部的杂物清理出业。圆形铝板一般为铝合金材料制成,铝板直径一般为管道内径95%,具体数据应根据业主要求确定。

 

20111228153934_98312.jpg

 20111228154142_21873.jpg

泡沫清管器

  PAOMOQINGGUANQIZUOWEICHANGGUIQINGGUANQIDEYIZHONGXINGSHI,YIQIJINGJI、ANQUANDEYOUSHI,GUANGFANYINGYONGYUGUANDAOQINGGUANGONGCHENGZHONG。PAOMOQINGGUANQIDEXINTIWEIGAOMIPAOMO,WAIFUJUANZHICAILIAO,SHIYINGYUGEZHONGGUANJING、SHUSONGJIEZHIGUANDAODEQINGGUAN。

20111228155400_46524.jpg 

橡胶球清管器

  橡胶球清管器作为常规清管器的一种形式,具有经济、安全和极强通过能力的优势,广泛应用于管道清管工程中。橡胶球清管器分为实心、空心充气、空心注水的形式。适合于各种管径的管道清管。

20111228155456_91153.jpg 

直型清管器

  直型清管器是机械清管器的一种形式,广泛用于管道清管工程。在管道施工中,用于管道的扫线、上水、排水及冲洗。它具有很强的清污能力。通过能力及互换性。根据管线实际情况,清管器可装备射流孔、磁力环、钢刷、测径板等附件,加强请管效果。第一次使用时,清管器需安装发射机,进行清管器可双向运行。

ZHIXINGQINGGUANQIKESHUANGXIANGYUNXING。SHIYONGGUANJINGFANWEI:2"-48"  (50-1220mm)

JISHUCANSHU:a)WANTOUZUIXIAOQULVBANJING:1.5D

b)GONGZUOWENDU:-30℃-80℃

c)GONGZUOYALI:≦100MPa

20111228155631_71414.jpg

DIEXINGPIWANJUYOUGENGHAODEMIFENGXINGNENG,TONGCHANGFENWEISHENDIEHEQIANDIEPIWAN,YEKEZAIPIWANSHANGJIAGANGDINGZENGJIAQINGGUANXIAOGUO。

20111228160424_66322.jpg

GANGSHUAKEYUPIWANJINXINGLIANGHAODIHUHUAN,ZAIGUANDAOQINGGUANGUOCHENGZHONG,DUIGUANDAODECHUXIU、CHUGOUJUYOULIANGHAODEQINGGUANXIAOGUO。

20111228160628_60244.jpg

  直型皮碗主要用于双向直型清管器中,主要分为支撑挂蜡皮碗、密封皮碗、隔离皮碗。其尺寸、硬度及材质根据管线要求确定。变径皮碗作为直型皮碗的一种形式。这种皮碗的清管器主要用于变径管道的清管。  

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清管器的分类

  GENJUQINGGUANQIZAIGUANXIANZHONGDEYINGYONGKEFENWEI:1、SAOXIANYONGQINGGUANQI;2、GELIYONGQINGGUANQI;3、ZHIHUANYONGQINGGUANQI;4、JIANCEYONGQINGGUANQI。

  GENJUQINGGUANQIDEXINGCHENGKEFENWEI:1、ZHIXINGQINGGUANQI;2、DIEXINGQINGGUANQI;3、PAOMOQINGGUANQI;4、XIANGJIAOQIUXINGQINGGUANQI。

20111228160932_57642.jpg

三、仪器的成套性

本成套仪器包括:

1、QINGGUANQIRUOGAN(YIBAN3-5GEHUOGENGDUO);

2、QINGGUANQIDINGWEIFASHEJI,YI3TAIWEIYI;

3、QINGGUANQIXUNJIDINGWEIJIESHOUJI,YI2TAIWEIYI;

4、QINGGUANQITONGGUOZHISHIYI,3-5TAIHUOGENGDUO;

5、ZIDONGKONGZHICHONGDIANJI,YOUFASHEJIHETONGGUOZHISHIYITAISHUDING。

6、BEIYONGPIWANRUOGAN,YOUGUANDAOGONGCHENGQINGKUANGDING。

  GENJUGUANDAOGONGCHENGSHIJIXUYAO,HAIKEPEIYOU:GUANDAOXUNJIDINGWEIFASHEJI1TAI;GUANDAOXUNJIDINGWEIJIESHOUJI1TAI。YOUYUGEGUANDAOGONGCHENGQINGKUANGBUTONG,YIQIDECHENGTAOXINGHEDANTAISHULIANGYAOQIU,KEANSHIJIQINGKUANGDING。

四、主要技术指标

1、清管器:形状尺寸结构及性能要求由工程情况及使用目的确定。

2、清管器定位发射机:连续工作时间分50小时和100小时两种。特殊要求可专门设计。耐压力100KG/cm2,耐冲击75g,适应温度-20℃~+100℃。

3、QINGGUANQIXUNJIDINGWEIJIESHOUJI:YOUXIAOTANCESHENDU8MI,DINGWEIJINGDU±7cm。

4、JINGGUANQITONGGUOZHISHIYI:YOUXIAOTANCESHENDU8MI(KEDA22MI)。XIANGYINGSUDUSHUANGTANTOUZUIDAWEI60MI/MIAO,DANTANTOU10MI/MIAO。

5、CHONGDIANJI:DIANYAKONGZHIJINGDU±0.5V。

6、XUNXIANYI:TANCESHENDU2-3MI,DINGWEIJINGDU±10%。

五、工作原理

  电子清管器探测定位成套仪器,实质上是一种超低频无线电收发系统。即清管器定位发射机于地下管道中发出超低频无线电信号,接收机和通过指示仪与地面接收穿过管壁与浮土的电磁信号,进行放大处理和显示报警,以确定地下管道中清管器的位置和运行情况。(见图1)

  DIXIAGUANDAOZHONGKASITINGZHUDEQINGGUANQIFASHEJIDEWEIZHIYUSHENDUDECEDING,SHIJIYUDIANCIGANYINGDINGWEIYUANLI。GENJUZHEIGEYUANLI,LIYONGJIESHOUJIJIESHOUDAODEXINHAODAXIAOQUJUEYUFASHEJIJIAOBIANCICHANGDEQIANGDUCILIXIANYUJIESHOUXIANQUANZONGXIANGZHOUXIANGTONGHAISHIXIANGJIAODEJIAODU。

  CILIXIANHEXIANQUANZHOUPINGXING,GANYINGDIANYAYOUZUIDAZHI。RUGUOCILIXIANYUXIANQUANZHOUCHUIZHI,GANYINGDIANYAWEILING,YOUZUIXIAOZHI。YOUTUKEJIAN,ZAIXIANQUANCHUIZHISHI,ZHIYOUWEIZHIACILIXIANYUJIESHOUXIANQUANCHUIZHI,AJIUSHIFASHEJIDEWEIZHI。ZAIJIESHOUXIANQUANPINGXINGSHI,YOULIANGGEZHIB1HEB2,CISHICILIXIANHEXIANQUANZHOUCHUIZHIXIANGJIAO,B1HEB2DEJULIQUJUEYUQINGGUANQIDESHENDUH,CONGERKEJINXINGSHENDUCELIANG。

  FASHEJIFACHUDEXINHAOKEYANGUANXIANLIANGCEGE5-6MIDEFANWEINEIJIESHOUDAO。JIESHOUXIANQUANZHOUXIANGYUHEGUANXIANCHUIZHI,SHIJIESHOUJICONGQINGGUANQIDEYICEYIDAOLINGYICESHI,XINHAOYOUZHUJIANZENGQIANG-ZUIDAZHI-SHUAIJIAN-ZUIXIAOZHI(JIEJINLINGZHI)-ZENGQIANG-ZUIDAZHI-ZHUJIANJIANDAOHENXIAO。ZHONGJIANDEZUIXIAOZHIJIQINGGUANQIDEWEIZHI,RUTU1DEADIAN。DANGJIESHOUXIANQUANZHENGCHUYUQINGGUANQISHANGFANGSHI,SHENGYINJIHUTINGBUDAO,BIAOTOUZHISHIDUSHUJIHUWEILING。

  DANGJIESHOUXIANQUANZHOUXIANGYUGUANDAOPINGXINGSHI,ZHONGFUSHANGSHUGUOCHENG,KEYIKANDAOLIANGGEZUIXIAOZHI。QINGGUANQIMEICEYOUYIGEFENGZHI,ZHENGSHANGFANGYOUYIGEZUIDAZHI,ZHEISANGEFENGZHIJIANYOULIANGGEZUIXIAOZHI,LIANGGEZUIXIAOZHIZHIJIANDEJULIWEIA,ZEQINGGUANQIDESHENDUJIUSHI0.8a。

六、安装使用

1、发射机与清管器靠机械法兰连接一起。清管器靠管内液体或汽体压力推动前进。清管器在运行当中发出信号,在清管器被卡住时也继续发出信号。(见图2)

  FASHEJITIANXIANSHIYIGEYOUTIEXINDEXIANQUAN,GAIXIANQUANFACHUYIGEJIAOBIANDEMAICHONGDIANCIBO,GAIDIANCIBOTONGGUOGUANBIYUTURANGKEDADAODIMIANBEIJIESHOUJIJIESHOU,YIQUEDINGQINGGUANQIDEWEIZHI。YIBANJIESHOUSHENDUKEDADAO10MI。

2、BIANXIEJIESHOUJI:YOUJIESHOUXIANQUAN、FANGDAQIHEERJISANBUFENZUCHENG。YOUXIANQUAN-JIESHOUTIANXIANYANGUANDAOJIESHOUFASHEJIFACHUDEDIANXINHAO,BINGFANGDAZHISHI,CONGERQUEDINGFASHEJIDEWEIZHI。

3、RUGUODIXIAGUANDAOWEIZHIJIZOUXIANGBUQINGCHU,KEYONGGUANDAOXUNJIDINGWEIYIZAIQIANBIANYANGUANDAOZHONG,QINGGUANQITANCEDINGWEIJIESHOUJIGENSUIXIANYIHOUBIANQIANJIN,YIMIANTUOLIGUANDAO,MISHIGENZONGLUXIAN。

20111228161050_77378.jpg

七、结构说明

1、清管器定位发射机:

  清管器定位发射机装有可充电镍镉电池(50小时或100小时),耐压100KG/cm2,电气元件固定在密封的壳体内,并用硅胶浇铸成一体。在清管器运行中能承受冲击和加速度作用。发射机发出间歇脉冲信号,这样,一是可以延长电池工作时间,二是为改善对干扰的分辨能力。

2、清管器定位接收机:

  QINGGUANQIDINGWEIJIESHOUJIZHUANGYOUYIZUKOUSHINIEGEDIANCHI,GONGZUODIANYA12FU。ZAIYIQIDIBUDEDIANCHIHENEIZHUYOUDIANCHIZHENGFUJIEFA,ZAIYIQIDEBIAOMIANYOUGECAOBIAOZHISHIDIANYAZHUANGTAI。DANGBIAOZHENZHISHIBUDAO10FUSHI,BIAOMINGDIANCHIYINGGAICHONGDIAN。JIESHOUJIHAODIANLIANGQUJUEYUQUJISHENGYINTAIXIAO,SHIYONGSHIZHUYIJIEDIAN。

3、清管器通过指示仪:

  QINGGUANQITONGGUOZHISHIYIYOUTANTOUJIFANGDAQIZUCHENG,MIANBANYOUBIAOTOU、YANGSHENGQIHENAIDENGZUOTONGGUOQINGKUANGXIANSHIYUBAOJINGXITONG。DUISHUYOUGUANXIANQINGGUANQISUDUXIAOYU10MI/MIAO,KEYONGDANTANTOU。SHUQIGUANXIANSUDUDAYU10MI/MIAOSHI,BIXUYONGSHUANGTANTOU。LIANGGETANTOUJULIKEANQINGGUANQIYUNXINGSUDUZHUOQINGLAKAI,YIQIDEZENGYIYAOKONGZHIZAINENGCEDAOXUYAOSHENDUJIKE,BUYAOTAIDA,YIMIANGANRAOXINHAOZAOCHENGWUBAO。

  TONGGUOZHISHIYIGUANCEDIANDEWEIZHIXUANZE,YINGKAOLVTANCESHENDUZAI2-3MISHI,TANTOULIDIANHANJIJULIBUXIAOYU20MI,LIDIANDONGJIBUXIAOYU10MI,LIQICHELUNTAIJULIBUXIAOYU2.5-4MI。

  SHIYANZHENGMING,FASHEJIZAIGUANDAOZHONGLIKAI2MI,XIANGDANGYUKONGSUOZHONG4.6MI;ZAIGUANDAOZHONGLI3MI,XIANGDANGYUKONGQIZHONG6MI,KEANCISHUJUSHIDANGXUANZEYIQIZENGYI。YOUYUTONGGUOZHISHIYIDEXIANGYINGSUDUWEI7MI/MIAOZUOYOU,SUOYIDUISHUQIGUANDAOQINGGUANQIYUNXINGSUDUKEDA10MI/MIAOYISHANG,YIDINGYAOYONGSHUANGTANTOU,ERQIELIANGTANTOUYANGUANDAOLAKAIJULIYAOZAI8MIYISHANG。TANTOUDEFANGZHIJIKECHUIZHIGUANDAOPINGFANGYEKEYANGUANDAOZHOUXIANGPINGFANG,DANYAOZHUYIBIMIANCHELIANGXINGZOUZHENDONG,YEBUYAOFANGZAIMINGGUANSHANG,BIMIANZHENDONGWUBAO。DUISHUYOUGUANDAOQINGGUANQIDEYUNXINGSUDU<10MI/MIAO,YONGDANTANTOUJIKE。

4 充电机:

  可利用220伏交流电源变成脉动直流给蓄电池充电。如果短路或断路,机器起动不起来,并有过压保护装置,达到要求电压后,仪器自动断电,以免烧毁电池。

八、电池保养

1、发射机电池:

  FASHEJIDIANCHIDEGONGZUOSHIJIANYOU50XIAOSHI、100XIAOSHI、150XIAOSHI、200XIAOSHI,YONGHUKEGENJUGUANXIANDEZHANGDUHEYUNXINGSUDUXUANYONGBUTONGGONGZUOSHIJIANDEDIANCHI。YOUYUGONGZUOSHIJIANYUEWEI14XIAOSHI。BIXUZHUYIDIANCHICUNFANGGUOCHENGZHONGYEHUIFANGDIAN,YINCIFASHEJI、JIESHOUJI、TONGGUOZHISHIYIFANGZHIBUYONG,BIXUBUCHONGCHONGDIAN5XIAOSHI。ZHUYIYIQICHONGDIANBIXUGUANBIDIANYUANKAIGUAN,FASHEJICHONGDIANSHI,HONGJIAJIETONGZHU,HEIJIAJIETIEZHU,FOUZECHONGDIANJIQIDONGBULE。

2、通过指示仪电池:

  TONGGUOZHISHIYIDIANYUANYONG12.5FUKOUSHIJICHENGNIEGEDIANCHI,RONGLIANG0.4ANSHI,KELIANXUGONGZUO30XIAOSHI。TONGFASHEJIYIYANG,ZHANGQICUNFANGHUOLIANXUSHIYONGHOU,YUXIACISHIYONGQIANYINGDUIDIANCHICHONGDIAN。JIJIANGZHUANYONGCHONGDIANJICHONGDIANCHARUYIQIZUOCECHAKONG,CHONGDIANJIDIANYUANCHARU220FUDIANYUANJIKECHONGDIAN。AN0.08AN/FUSULVCHONGDIAN,KEGENJUXUYAOGUJICHONGDIANSHIJIAN,YOUYUCHONGDIANJIYOUGUOCHONGZIDONGBAOHUZHUANGZHI,BUBIDANXINBADIANCHICHONGHUAI!

3、接收机电池:

  JIESHOUJICAIYONG12.5FUKOUSHIJICHENGNIEGEDIANCHI,RONGLIANGWEI0.4ANSHI。JIESHOUJIHAODIANLIANG12HAOAN,KELIANXUGONGZUO30XIAOSHI。KEYOUDIANYAZHISHICAOBIAOZHIZHENDUSHUKANCHUSHIFOUXUYAOCHONGDIAN。QICHONGDIANCHENGXUYUTONGGUOZHISHIYIXIANGTONG。

九、实际操作

1、发射机进入工作:

  JIANGFASHEJIDIANYUANJIETONG,SHIFASHEJIJINRUGONGZUO。RANHOUTONGGUOFALANJIANGFASHEJIYUQINGGUANQIGUDINGXINGJIELAOGU,ZAIJIANGQINGGUANQIFANGRUFASONGSHIBINGGUANBIMANGBAN。

2、接收机进入工作:

  JIANGERJICHATOUCHARUYIQIZUOCECHAKONG,TANTOUCHATOUCHARUYIQIYOUCECHAKONG,DAKAIDIANYUANKAIGUAN,YIQIBIANJINRUGONGZUO。ZHEISHIZAIFASHEJIFUJINKETINGDAOQINGXIDEFASHEXINHAOSHENG。DIAOJIEZENGYIXUANNIU,YIKONGZHIKONGCESHENDU。MEICISHIYONGQIAN30MIAOZHONGDAKAIYIQIDIANYUANKAIGUAN,JIKEJINRUZHENGCHANGGONGZUO。

3、通地指示仪进入工作:

  JIANGYIQITANTOUJIEXIANCHATOUCHARUYIQIYOUCECHAKONG,XUANHAOTANTOUWEIZHI(YAOZAIGUANDAOSHANGFANG,JIESHOUXIANQUANZHOUYUGUANDAOCHUIZHIHUOPINGXINGJUNKE,DANPINGFANGSHIKANGGANRAONENGLISHAOHAO)。DAKAIDIANYUANKAIGUAN,ANTANCESHENDUXUANHAOZENGYIXUANNIUWEIZHI。YIBANZAI2MISHENSHI,DIAODAOZUIDAZENGYIDE1/3JIKE。DUISHUQIGUANXIANZAIFAQINGGUANQIQIAN1-2FENZHONGJIETONGYIQIDIANYUANKAIGUAN。DANGQINGGUANQITONGGUOTANTOUXIABIANGUANDAOSHI,YIQIZIDONGFACHUJIU-JIU-JIUDEBAOJINGXINHAOSHENG。ANXIAQINGLINGANNIUHOUSHOUSHENGTINGZHI。HUOGUANDIAODIANYUAN,JIAOSHENGYIKETINGZHI。DUISHUYOUGUANXIAN,WEIBIMIANDIANCHIWUYIXIAOHAO,KEANQINGGUANQIYUNXINGSUDUZAIYUJIDAODASHIJIANQIAN5FENZHONGZHI10FENZHONGJIETONGYIQIDIANYUANKAIGUANJIKE。

4、功能检查:

  ZAIJIETONGDIANYUANDEQINGGUANQIFASHEJIFANGRUGUANDAOZHONGBINGGUANHAOMANGBANHOU,ZAIQINGGUANQIYUNXINGQIAN,BIXUJINXINGYICIYIQIGONGNENGJIANCHA,YIQUEDINGZAIXIANYOUTIAOJIANXIANENGJIESHOUDAODEFASHEJIXINHAOQIANGDU?TANCEJULIYOUDUODA?BINGGENJUMAISHEN,GUANDAOBIHOUJIHUANJINGGANRAODEYINGXIANG,RANHOUDIAOZHENGYIQIDEZENGYI。YOUYUFUJINYOUDIANXIANHUOTANTOUXIANQUANYIDONGSHOUDICICHANGYINGXIANGYEHUIYINQIGANRAO,SUOYIFANGDAQIZENGYIBUYAODIAODEBISHIJIYAOQIUDEGAO,YIBIANJINKENENGDIBAGANRAOXINHAOYIZHIDIAO。TONGGUOZHISHIYIYEBIXUGENJUMAISHEN、BIHOUJIHUANJINGGANRAOQINGKUANGLAIQUEDINGFANGDAQIZENGYI。JUEBUNENGRENWEIZENGYIYUEDAYUEHAO!

5、运行清管器的跟踪:

  输油管线路运行的清管器速度较慢,可采用接收机以人工步行沿管道跟踪。通过跟踪,从而得到清管扫线中的有关技术数据,如压力、流速、同步性等。

6、卡住的清管器的定位:

  YONGJIESHOUJIYANGUANXIANXUNZHAO,DANGJIESHOUJITANTOUJIEJINFASHEJISHI,BIANKECONGERJILITINGDAOSHENGYIN,YOUXIAODAODAZAIXIAOYOUDA,JIXUQIANJINJIUMEIYOUSHENGYINLE。LIANGGESHENGYINFENGZHIZHIJIAN“LINGZHI”JISHIQINGGUANQIFASHEJISUOZAIDEWEIZHI,DIAOJIEFANGDAQIDEZENGYI,YOUBIAOTOUZHISHIPEIHE,KEJINGQUEPANDINGDIXIAQINGGUANQIDEWEIZHI。

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